Expository Text: Reading Comprehension, Bilingualism, and Instructional Strategies This literature review examines reading comprehension issues related to expository text. It describes what factors contribute to the complexity of expository text, what abilities and skills a reader must possess, and expository text structure. The review addresses influences of bilingualism on expository text comprehension. It discusses the relation of second ... Article
Article  |   July 01, 2009
Expository Text: Reading Comprehension, Bilingualism, and Instructional Strategies
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Karla Bejos
    Bilingual Multicultural Services, Inc., Bernalillo, NM
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Articles
Article   |   July 01, 2009
Expository Text: Reading Comprehension, Bilingualism, and Instructional Strategies
Perspectives on Communication Disorders and Sciences in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Populations, July 2009, Vol. 16, 45-53. doi:10.1044/cds16.2.45
Perspectives on Communication Disorders and Sciences in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Populations, July 2009, Vol. 16, 45-53. doi:10.1044/cds16.2.45
Abstract

This literature review examines reading comprehension issues related to expository text. It describes what factors contribute to the complexity of expository text, what abilities and skills a reader must possess, and expository text structure. The review addresses influences of bilingualism on expository text comprehension. It discusses the relation of second language oral proficiency on reading, the complexity of the reading task for bilinguals, how they approach reading, and the transfer of literacy skills across languages. The final section reviews instructional strategies aimed at improving reading comprehension of expository text. This includes strategies to teach comprehension of the cause and effect concept, paraphrasing, and types of tasks to assess reading comprehension that are appropriate for bilingual readers.

Acknowledgment
I would like to thank Dr. Barbara Rodriguez at the University of New Mexico for the time she dedicated to answering questions and providing feedback and Dr. Carol Westby for sharing innumerable resources, research insight, and input.
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