Aphasia Testing in African-American and Caucasian Populations The incidence of stroke is higher in African-Americans than in Caucasians even after adjusting for age, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus (Kittner et al, 1993; Kittner, White, Losonczy, Wolf, & Hebel, 1990). Physical and functional impairment subsequent to stroke is significantly more severe in African-Americans than in Caucasian patients (Horner, Matchar, ... Article
Article  |   July 01, 1997
Aphasia Testing in African-American and Caucasian Populations
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Tanisha D. James
    Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN
  • G. Pamela Burch-Sims
    Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN
  • Robert T. Wertz
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
Article Information
Articles
Article   |   July 01, 1997
Aphasia Testing in African-American and Caucasian Populations
Perspectives on Communication Disorders and Sciences in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Populations, July 1997, Vol. 3, 6-7. doi:10.1044/cds3.2.6
Perspectives on Communication Disorders and Sciences in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Populations, July 1997, Vol. 3, 6-7. doi:10.1044/cds3.2.6
The incidence of stroke is higher in African-Americans than in Caucasians even after adjusting for age, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus (Kittner et al, 1993; Kittner, White, Losonczy, Wolf, & Hebel, 1990). Physical and functional impairment subsequent to stroke is significantly more severe in African-Americans than in Caucasian patients (Horner, Matchar, Divine, & Feussner, 1991), improvement in functional impairment is slower, and improvement in physical impairment is less. Observations of functional deficits in African-American stroke patients has focused on activities of daily living. There has been no systematic investigation of aphasia subsequent to stroke in African-Americans (Peters-Johnson & Taylor, 1986). Thus, severity and prognosis for improvement are unknown.
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